Juvenile Delinquency Penalties

Following the adjudicatory hearing, the juvenile judge will hold a dispositional hearing to determine the appropriate sentence for the juvenile offender.

Overview of Penalties for Juvenile Crime

Juveniles could receive a number of different sentences such as:

  • Community service
  • Suspension of driver’s license
  • Confinement in temporary or permanent custody
  • Placement in a detention facility
  • Drug or alcohol treatment or counseling
  • Medical or psychological treatment or counseling
  • Imprisonment if charged as an adult
  • Probation House arrest
  • Required to obtain a high school diploma
  • Fines and costs of court
  • Curfew Drug and alcohol use monitoring

For a delinquent child convicted of a felony, the most severe sanction is to be sent to the Ohio Department of Youth Services.

For a delinquent child convicted of a misdemeanor, the most severe punishment is to be sent to a local detention facility for up to ninety days.

For a delinquent child convicted of a felony, the most severe sanction is to be sent to the Ohio Department of Youth Services.

A Serious Youth Offender (SYO) sentence combines a sentence typically given to a juvenile offender with a sentence typically given to an adult convicted of a felony or a misdemeanor.

An SYO sentence cannot be given to any child under 10 years of age.

Enhanced Factors are used to determine the appropriate sentence for a juvenile. If any of the following “enhanced factors” are present, then the court may decide to impose a harsher sentence:

  1. Offense of violence if committed by an adult
  2. Juvenile had a firearm
  3. Prior conviction of serious crime

Penalties for Juvenile Delinquency

The following penalties could apply for juveniles found delinquent for an act that would be a felony or misdemeanor if committed by an adult, but who was not bound over to adult court:

Aggravated Murder or Murder

  • Child could be committed to the Department of Youth Services until they reach the age of 21
  • Child was 14-15 y.o. – Mandatory SYO sentence
  • Child was 10-13 y.o. – Discretionary SYO sentence
  • Child was under 10 y.o – Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $2,000

Attempted Aggravated Murder or Attempted Murder

  • Child could be committed for a minimum of 6-7 years and a maximum until child reaches the age of 21
  • Child was 14-15 y.o. – Mandatory SYO sentence
  • Child was 10-13 y.o. – Discretionary SYO sentence
  • Child was under 10 y.o – Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $2,000

First Degree Felony (F1)

  • Child could be committed for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum until child reaches age of 21
  • Child was 16-17 years old: Mandatory SYO if enhanced factors present - Discretionary SYO if no enhanced factors
  • Child was 14-15 years old: Discretionary SYO
  • Child was 12-13 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child was 10-11 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 10 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $1,500

Second Degree Felony (F2)

  • Child could be committed for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum until child reaches age of 21
  • Child was 14-17 years old: Discretionary SYO
  • Child was 12-13 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 12 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $1,000

Third Degree Felony (F3)

  • Child could be committed for a minimum period of 6 months and a maximum until child reaches age of 21
  • Child was 16-17 years old: Discretionary SYO
  • Child was 14-15 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 14 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $750

Fourth Degree Felony (F4)

  • Child could be committed for a minimum period of 6 months and a maximum until child reaches age of 21
  • Child was 16-17 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 16 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $400

Fifth Degree Felony (F5)

  • Child could be committed for a minimum period of 6 months and a maximum until child reaches age of 21
  • Child was 16-17 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 16 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $300

First Degree Misdemeanor (M1)

  • Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $250

Second Degree Misdemeanor (M2)

  • Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $200

Third Degree Misdemeanor (M3)

  • Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $150

Fourth Degree Misdemeanor (M4)

  • Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $100

Minor Misdemeanor (MM)

  • Maximum fine $50
Disclaimer

The ohiocrimelawyer.com website is designed for general information only. Any information on this site is not to be construed as formal legal advice from a criminal defense lawyer, a DUI lawyer, a family law lawyer or wills, probate, trusts and estate planning lawyer, nor formation of a lawyer/client relationship. Persons accessing this site are encouraged to seek personal advice regarding their individual legal issues.

The attorneys in our law firm primarily service Portage County courts (Ravenna and Kent), Summit County courts (Akron, Stow, Barberton), and Cuyahoga County courts (Cleveland, Garfield Heights, Bedford, Parma, Rocky River etc...). Cases in all other courts in NorthEast Ohio are handled under specific terms and conditions.